Why Asia Has So Many Tall Buildings?

Rapidly growing cities are a major factor increased construction of high-rise buildings 
due to lack of land as well as competition for the economic development of a country. The function and manner of construction of this tall building as well changes over time including in terms of cost, building materials as well as design.

If 20 years ago North America has nearly 75 percent of the tallest buildings in the world but now it has shifted to the continent of Asia. The cost of construction of these buildings has also increased because of the complexity of the engineering approach required to make it higher and higher.

In Malaysia itself we can see that almost every year there is the construction of new skyscrapers. Rapid economic growth combined with an increase in international business travel coupled with a growing middle -class population will continue to increase the demand for luxury development and skyscrapers.

Land scarcity factors are also a major cause for the construction of these tall buildings so as to accommodate more residential units in a small -sized unit of land. Since the first skyscraper was built in the 1880s tall buildings are the way of a country announced his arrival on the world stage.

Driven by a rapidly developing economy and a growing urban population Asian countries have built many skyscrapers in recent times compared to what the United States did throughout the 20th century.

According to data about 60 percent of the tallest skyscrapers exceeding a height of 300 meters is located in Asia. The attraction of building skyscrapers as well seen increasing when developers and governments see the benefits they bring to businesses, the people, tenants and urban development.

This makes skyscrapers an important thing in the development agenda of a country driven by rapid economic development competition between cities and efforts to maximize land value.

How did the building become so tall?

Since 1960's high-rise buildings have used structural systems which combines a concrete core with a tubular frame to achieve height and maximize floor space. New materials, new construction designs and new digital tools has made construction at a higher height can be executed.

Buildings above a height of 300 meters are called "supertall" skyscrapers. Meanwhile, skyscraper type buildings that exceed 600 meters in height called the "megatall" building.

Why does Asia like tall buildings?

With over 7,500 skyscrapers Asia by far has the largest number of skyscrapers from any continent. More than 80% of the world’s skyscrapers are in Asia. High population densities in these countries making it a necessity.

However, population density factors does not necessarily lead to many skyscrapers. For example, Taiwan and South Korea have the same population density but South Korea has more than 10 times that the number of skyscrapers from Taiwan.

Taiwan actually has a very large number of tall buildings but about 64 of them exceed 150 meters. China is the country with the largest number of skyscrapers with about 3,448 skyscrapers. 936 of them are located in Guangdong province.

Even in the region has more skyscrapers from the United States which is 858. Guangdong is also located in the city by number biggest skyscraper in the world which is located in Shenzhen.

With 586 skyscrapers it has little more than Hong Kong which ranked second with 582 skyscrapers. South Korea has a number of skyscrapers second largest in Asia and 3rd in the world with 785 skyscrapers.

Most are located in the northwest of the country namely around the cities of Seoul and Incheon. Malaysia also has a relatively high position in the list of the number of skyscrapers. Kuala Lumpur is the third in Asia with about 370 skyscrapers.

Despite that, Malaysia will have the second tallest building in Asia namely Merdeka 118 which is expected to be fully completed by the end of 2022. China bans skyscrapers Driven by a rapidly developing economy China has built more skyscrapers in the last 30 years.

With relatively loose town planning rules and almost unlimited financial capital cities across China have changed from small provincial centers became a dense metropolis. However, since last year, the Chinese government has made a decision to stop the rapid growth of skyscrapers in the country.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Development has issued a notice introducing measures to strengthen management of urban features and architecture. The notice restricts arbitrary planning and construction of skyscrapers as well as stating that the new building with a height of more than 500 meters is not allowed to be built.

5 tallest buildings in Asia 5th, Lotte World Tower, South Korea – 1,819 feet Lotte World Tower located in South Korea was completed in March 2016. Planning to build this building took 13 years and construction began in March 2011.

The building has 123 floors and six of them are in the basement. The roof of the building is specially designed and built with such strength to withstand earthquakes with magnitudes up to 9 on the Richter scale. 4- Ping An Finance Center, China  – 1,965 kaki Ping An International Financial Center is located in Shenzhen has a height of 1,965 feet.

The building was inaugurated in 2015 however construction work is still continuing until 2017. The building has a conference center hotel and there is also retail space inside a luxury shopping mall. It is also the office of Ping An Insurance. 3- Makkah Royal Clock Tower, Arab Saudi – 1,972 kaki The Royal Clock Tower of Mecca is the third tallest building in the world
with a height of 1,972 feet.

The building located in Mecca belongs to the government of Saudi Arabia. It has a 120 -storey hotel and has been completed by Saudi Binladin Group which is the largest construction firm in Saudi Arabia.

The building was completed in 2012. The dimensions of the clock have an area of ​​141 square feet and made it the largest clock tower in the world. 2- Shanghai Tower, China  – 2,073 kaki The Shanghai Tower has 121 floors with a building as tall as 2,073 feet.

Construction of the Shanghai Tower began in 2006 and took eight years before completion in March 2014. The building also has the tallest observation deck in the world. The total construction cost of this building is $ 4.2 billion USD. 

1- Burj Khalifa, Dubai – 2,717 kaki Burj Khlifa which was originally known as Burj Dubai is the tallest tower or building in the world. With a height of 2,717 feet and 163 stories the main material used to build this building is steel and concrete. The building is a project funded by the United Arab Emirates government to divert the country’s economy from oil -based resources to one of the tourist and service centers.

In conclusion the city is growing rapidly especially in Asia became a major factor in the increase in the development of skyscrapers. This is also due to the problem of lack of land in addition to competition for the economic development of a country.

With this skyscraper it is at once able to attract more tourists to come to that country and in turn able to generate income and improve the economy of the people in the country.

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