Bee, Insect Noble Duty on Earth

This one insect is extraordinary. Do you know how important the role of bees in nature is? The answer is very important. This is because bees play an important role as the main pollinating insects in plants. 

Its love of nectar and pollen helps cross-pollinate plants. Bees are also a provider of honey which has extraordinary properties for human health. In addition to honey, bees also produce beeswax, royal jelly, and propolis.

All bees belong to the tribe or family Apoidae of the order Hymenoptera (membrane-winged insects). There are about 20,000 species of bees in the world and can be found on every continent, except Antarctica.


The bee's body consists of three parts, namely the head, thorax and abdomen. On the head there is a pair of compound eyes as a visual tool that is able to see the shape and color of objects. 

Bee eyes are able to distinguish ultraviolet, blue, light green, and yellow colors. On the head there is also an antenna that functions as a sense of taste and touch. Antenna is very important for honeybees in relation to foraging and communication, especially in interpreting bee dances performed by bees that have received food. 

Bees have a sucking-biting type of mouth apparatus that functions as teeth, used for nesting and self-defense, and there is a gloss in the middle for sucking liquid food and feeding larvae.

The bee's chest is an important part of the body as a place for attachment of the locomotion (moving organs), namely the wings and legs. Bees have two pairs of wings, the front wings are wider than the hind wings. 

Bees can fly at great distances using their wings, the movement of the wings is assisted by the chest muscles so that the wings move up and down. Bees have three pairs of legs. Pollen is collected by bees using the hairs on their legs and then put into their mouths.

On the belly of the female honey bee there is a stinger, but on the male and queen bees there is no sting. The sting is a form of change from the egg laying tool.

Bees are insects that live in caves in the forest, including on the cliffs. Bees also make their nests on hills, in wooden trees and on roofs of houses. The nest is made of propolis (glue from tree sap) and wax produced by the glands of young female bees.

Bees are insects that are known for living in groups although not all bees are like that. Female insects have an important role in the honey-producing bee group. The behavior of the bee is largely determined by the behavior of the female bee. Some female bees of certain species live alone (solitary) and some are known to have social behavior.

Solitary bees build their own nests and forage for their offspring without the help of other bees and usually die or leave the nest when the offspring are immature. Some species of solitary bees feed and care for their young without providing food reserves for their young.

At a higher stage, bees live in groups and share tasks according to their respective physical forms. In one group of bees called a colony, there are three "castes", namely:

Queen Bee

The queen bee is female and is the mother of all the bees in a colony. There is only one queen bee in a colony. The queen bee controls all the activities of the female and male bees. The composition of the chromosomes is diploid so that they can produce offspring. 

The body is bigger because since it is still in the form of a larva, it is fed bee milk (royal jelly) which is rich in vitamins and nutrients. The main task of the queen bee is to lay eggs and the mating of the queen bee is only once in a lifetime. 

Mating is done by means of the queen bee flying high in the sky when the weather is sunny, then being chased by the male bees. The male who can chase it has the right to marry the queen bee. The male will soon die because his testicles detach and implant in the queen bee's ovary. The queen bee is able to lay about 2,000 eggs a day.

female bee

Female bees are worker bees. The number can reach tens of thousands, around 30,000 bees, even superior seed bees can reach up to 60,000 female bees. 

The job of these bees is to collect pollen and nectar (flower pollen). Honey is the result of processed nectar that is regurgitated from the bee's body and stored in the beehive for food reserves. This honey is also used for feeding the larvae and pupae. 

There is also a female bee who is in charge of cleaning the hive and taking care of the eggs and bees. The female worker bee from larvae to the end of her life eats honey. The life expectancy of a worker bee is three months or less.

When the queen bee is old and her reproductive fertility has decreased, the female bee will instinctively rejuvenate the new colony and look for the best eggs as a candidate for the queen bee. h. After the best eggs hatch into larvae, the larvae will be fed bee milk (royal jelly). The nest for the future queen bee is the largest and most prominent.

The female bee can lay eggs and the eggs can hatch. If the bee colony loses its queen, naturally according to instinct, female bees will lay eggs and those born from worker bee eggs are all male because of unfertilized eggs. Female worker bees never mate with male bees.

male bee

The male bee is in charge of marrying the young queen bee if it will form a new colony. The number of these male bees is only in the hundreds. Male bees are bees from unfertilized eggs that are fed nectar and ordinary honey.

If the honey in the hive is taken, the bees will be angry. His anger can be caused by being disturbed and surprised, it can also be due to the aggressive nature of the bee group. Therefore, honey bee farming is selected from tame and non-aggressive colonies. Honey from beekeeping is usually for commercial purposes.

Bees are insects that undergo complete metamorphosis so that there are four stages of life form, namely Egg, Larva (caterpillar form), Pupa (cocoon), and Imago (adult bee). 

Worker bees will provide the larvae with food in the form of pollen, nectar, and honey. Some of the nectar collected by worker bees is stored as honey. After a few days, the larvae change into pupae and so on into bees.

Humans use honey as food and medicine. Humans have been keeping bees for their honey for a long time. The science of bees and their maintenance is known as apiari. Honey produced by bees is also liked by many animals, especially bears.

Some types of bees have a sting that is actually fatal to him if used. When he is disturbed and stings, the stinger and the glandular bag will be released and stuck in the target. This kills the bee. This sting is used by humans in acupuncture-like treatment called bee therapy (apitherapy).

Modern beekeeping produces bee venom that comes out of the stingers of worker bees without the bees dying. They do this by setting some kind of trap at the entrance of the beehive. 

This trap is installed with sufficient electric current to shock the bees, the surprised bees will release the venom from the stinger and the results are accommodated for medicinal concoctions.

Such is the life of the bee, the unique insect that bears a noble task in this world. Hopefully it can motivate you to participate in preserving the presence of bees in nature.

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